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In October the division was pulled out to a quiet sector of the line just as the Dnieper–Carpathian Offensive overtook Army Group South.

In the aftermath of the fall of Kiev in late December 1943, the 1st and 2nd Ukrainian Fronts of the Red Army encircled several German divisions during the Battle of the Korsun–Cherkassy Pocket in January 1944. Over 60,000 soldiers, including the "Wiking" division, were trapped along the Dnieper River in the height of winter.

In a battle marked by brutality, heavy losses, and horrific weather, roughly half of German forces broke out of the encirclement, but SS Wiking in particular suffered heavy casualties and losses of nearly all its heavy equipment.